Antigua and Barbuda Travel Information

Mother Earth Travel > Country Index > Antigua Map Economy

Landscape and Wildlife on Antigua

Facts About Antigua and Barbuda

Background: The islands of Antigua and Barbuda became an independent state within the British Commonwealth of Nations in 1981. Some 3,000 refugees fleeing a volcanic eruption on nearby Montserrat have settled in Antigua and Barbuda since 1995.
Government type: constitutional monarchy with Westminster-style parliament
Capital: Saint John's
Currency: 1 East Caribbean dollar (EC$) = 100 cents

Geography of Antigua

Location: Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east-southeast of Puerto Rico.
Geographic coordinates: 17 03 N, 61 48 W
Map references: Central America and the Caribbean
Area:
total: 442 sq km (Antigua 281 sq km; Barbuda 161 sq km)
land: 442 sq km
water: 0 sq km
note: includes Redonda
Coastline: 153 km
Maritime claims:
contiguous zone: 24 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
territorial sea: 12 nm
Climate: tropical marine; little seasonal temperature variation
Terrain: mostly low-lying limestone and coral islands, with some higher volcanic areas
Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Boggy Peak 402 m
Natural resources: NEGL; pleasant climate fosters tourism
Land use:
arable land: 18%
permanent crops: 0%
permanent pastures: 9%
forests and woodland: 11%
other: 62% (1993 est.)
Natural hazards: hurricanes and tropical storms (July to October); periodic droughts
Environment - current issues: water management - a major concern because of limited natural fresh water resources - is further hampered by the clearing of trees to increase crop production, causing rainfall to run off quickly
Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

People of Antigua

Population: 68,722 (July 2005 est.)
Age structure:
0-14 years:  27.97% (male 9,527; female 9,203)
15-64 years:  67.15% (male 22,450; female 22,519)
65 years and over:  4.88% (male 1,360; female 1,911)
Population growth rate: 0.73%
Birth rate: 19.5 births/1,000 population
Death rate: 5.87 deaths/1,000 population
Net migration rate: -6.27 migrant(s)/1,000 population
Infant mortality rate: 22.33 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth:
total population:  70.74 years
male:  68.45 years
female:  73.14 years
Total fertility rate: 2.31 children born/woman
Nationality:
noun: Antiguan(s), Barbudan(s)
adjective: Antiguan, Barbudan
Ethnic groups: black, British, Portuguese, Lebanese, Syrian
Religions: Anglican (predominant), other Protestant, some Roman Catholic
Languages: English (official), local dialects
Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over has completed five or more years of schooling
total population: 89%
male: 90%
female: 88% (1960 est.)

SOURCE: The World Factbook

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