|ARMENIAN CIVILIZATION HAD its beginnings in the sixth century B.C. In the centuries
following, the Armenians withstood invasions and nomadic migrations, creating a unique
culture that blended Iranian social and political structures with Hellenic-- and later
Christian--literary traditions. For two millennia, independent Armenian states existed
sporadically in the region between the northeastern corner of the Mediterranean Sea and
the Caucasus Mountains, until the last medieval state was destroyed in the fourteenth
century. A landlocked country in modern times, Armenia was the smallest Soviet republic
from 1920 until the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991. The future of an independent
Armenia is clouded by limited natural resources and the prospect that the military
struggle to unite the Armenians of Azerbaijan's Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Region with
the Republic of Armenia will be a long one.
The Armenians are an ancient people who speak an Indo-European language and have traditionally inhabited the border regions common to modern Armenia, Iran, and Turkey. They call themselves hai (from the name of Hayk, a legendary hero) and their country Haiastan. Their neighbors to the north, the Georgians, call them somekhi, but most of the rest of the world follows the usage of the ancient Greeks and refers to them as Armenians, a term derived according to legend from the Armen tribe. Thus the Russian word is armianin, and the Turkish is ermeni.
Data as of March 1994
SOURCE: Country Studies/Area Handbook by the US Library of Congress
Mother Earth Travel > Country Index > Armenia > Map Economy History