Aruba Travel Information

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Facts About Aruba

Background: Discovered and claimed for Spain in 1499, Aruba was acquired by the Dutch in 1636. The island's economy has been dominated by three main industries. A 19th century gold rush was followed by prosperity brought on by the opening in 1924 of an oil refinery. The last decades of the 20th century saw a boom in the tourism industry. Aruba seceded from the Netherlands Antilles in 1986 and became a separate, autonomous member of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Movement toward full independence was halted at Aruba's request in 1990.
Government type: parliamentary democracy
Capital: Oranjestad
Currency: 1 Aruban florin (Af.) = 100 cents

Geography of Aruba

Location: Caribbean, island in the Caribbean Sea, north of Venezuela
Geographic coordinates: 12 30 N, 69 58 W
Map references: Central America and the Caribbean
total: 193 sq km
land: 193 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Land boundaries: 0 km
Coastline: 68.5 km
Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
Climate: tropical marine; little seasonal temperature variation
Terrain: flat with a few hills; scant vegetation
Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Mount Jamanota 188 m
Natural resources: white sandy beaches
Land use:
arable land: 7% aloe plantations included (0.01%)
other: 93% (1993 est.)
Irrigated land: 0.01 sq km
Natural hazards: lies outside the Caribbean hurricane belt
Geography - note: a flat, riverless island renowned for its white sand beaches; its tropical climate is moderated by constant trade winds from the Atlantic Ocean; the temperature is almost constant at about 27 degrees Celsius (81 degrees Fahrenheit).

People of Aruba

Population: 71,566 (July 2005 est.)
Age structure:
0-14 years:  21.29% (male 7,709; female 7,193)
15-64 years:  68.52% (male 23,111; female 24,859)
65 years and over:  10.19% (male 2,954; female 4,181)
Population growth rate: 0.64%
Birth rate: 12.64 births/1,000 population
Death rate: 6.21 deaths/1,000 population 
Net migration rate: NEGL
Infant mortality rate: 6.39 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth:
total population:  78.52 years
male:  75.16 years
female:  82.04 years
Total fertility rate: 1.8 children born/woman
noun: Aruban(s)
adjective: Aruban
Ethnic groups: mixed white/Caribbean Amerindian 80%
Religions: Roman Catholic 82%, Protestant 8%, Hindu, Muslim, Confucian, Jewish
Languages: Dutch (official), Papiamento (a Spanish, Portuguese, Dutch, English dialect), English (widely spoken), Spanish
Literacy: 97% of total population

SOURCE: The World Factbook

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