Bangladesh Travel Information

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Facts About Bangladesh

Background: Bangladesh came into existence in 1971 when Bengali East Pakistan seceded from its union with West Pakistan. About a third of this extremely poor country annually floods during the monsoon rainy season, hampering economic development.
Government type: republic
Capital: Dhaka
Currency: 1 taka (Tk) = 100 poisha

Geography of Bangladesh

Location: Southern Asia, bordering the Bay of Bengal, between Burma and India
Geographic coordinates: 24 00 N, 90 00 E
Map references: Asia
total: 144,000 sq km
land: 133,910 sq km
water: 10,090 sq km
Land boundaries:
total: 4,246 km
border countries: Burma 193 km, India 4,053 km
Coastline: 580 km
Maritime claims:
contiguous zone: 18 nm
continental shelf: up to the outer limits of the continental margin
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
territorial sea: 12 nm
Climate: tropical; cool, dry winter (October to March); hot, humid summer (March to June); cool, rainy monsoon (June to October)
Terrain: mostly flat alluvial plain; hilly in southeast
Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: Keokradong 1,230 m
Natural resources: natural gas, arable land, timber
Land use:
arable land: 73%
permanent crops: 2%
permanent pastures: 5%
forests and woodland: 15%
other: 5% (1993 est.)
Irrigated land: 31,000 sq km (1993 est.)
Natural hazards: droughts, cyclones; much of the country routinely flooded during the summer monsoon season
Environment - current issues: many people are landless and forced to live on and cultivate flood-prone land; water-borne diseases prevalent in surface water; water pollution, especially of fishing areas, results from the use of commercial pesticides; ground water contaminated by naturally-occurring arsenic; intermittent water shortages because of falling water tables in the northern and central parts of the country; soil degradation and erosion; deforestation; severe overpopulation.
Environment - international agreements:
party to:  Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea

More Geography

People of Bangladesh

Population: 144,319,628 (July 2005 est.)
Age structure:
0-14 years:  35.04% (male 23,550,607; female 22,451,006)
15-64 years:  61.6% (male 41,432,123; female 39,434,633)
65 years and over:  3.36% (male 2,389,639; female 2,011,852)
Population growth rate: 1.59% 
Birth rate: 25.3 births/1,000 population 
Death rate: 8.6 deaths/1,000 population 
Net migration rate: -0.76 migrant(s)/1,000 population
Infant mortality rate: 69.85 deaths/1,000 live births 
Life expectancy at birth:
total population:  60.54 years
male:  60.74 years
female:  60.33 years
Total fertility rate: 2.78 children born/woman 
noun: Bangladeshi(s)
adjective: Bangladesh
Ethnic groups: Bengali 98%, tribal groups, non-Bengali Muslims (1998)
Religions: Muslim 83%, Hindu 16%, other 1% (1998)
Languages: Bangla (official, also known as Bengali), English
definition:  age 15 and over can read and write
total population:  56%
male:  63%
female:  49% (2000 est.)

SOURCE: The World Factbook

Mother Earth Travel > Country Index > Bangladesh Map Economy History