Guangzhou Travel Information

Mother Earth Travel > China > Guangzhou > History

In Guangzhou, as in many Chinese cities, the momentum for modern development remains strong throughout the older and newer parts of the city. Guangzhous old city consists of four districts: Yue Xiu, Li Wan, Dong Shan and Hai Zhu. In addition to containing a large number of historic sites, these districts also boast many modern shopping and entertainment facilities. Development of the newer Tian He and Bai Yun districts began largely after the founding of the Peoples Republic of China in 1949 and has continued to the present.

Yue Xiu District

Located in central Guangzhou, this district claims home to the citys most prestigious shopping street, Guangzhou Beijing Road -a shopping paradise. Near Beijing Road, there are two other famous shopping areas, Yang Zhong Womens Street and Gao Di Street, The Fashion Street. Both areas specialize in clothing and cosmetics, and attract women from across the country, who are drawn by the rich variety of products and who take advantage of the low prices. The business opportunities created here have brought these two shopping streets recognition as they gave rise to the first generation of the Chinese nouveau riche in the early 1980s. During this period, many employees working for government and state-owned companies left their jobs to set up small businesses.

Although it is heavily developed with shopping and entertainment amenities, the districts open Fu Qian Park offers visitors some breathing space and an opportunity to join the local Tai Chi practitioners. Nearby Yue Xiu Park is also a traditional tourist destination with its various historic sites.

Li Wan District

Situated on the western part of Guangzhou, this district is the citys most developed and is fittingly nicknamed "Guangzhou within Guangzhou." Shang Xia Jiu Road Shopping boasts itself as a popular destination. This street is tightly packed with many old-style businesses, which include the Guangzhou Restaurant, Lian Xiang Mansion (Lotus Scent Mansion) and Ou Cheng Ji Gallery. Shoppers can shop to their hearts content, but the architecture is also worth a look at. Historically noteworthy, with some elaborately decorated tile rooftops, Shang Xia Jiu Commercial Street is a charmer. Other reasons to come to Li Wan: women here are reputed to be the most beautiful in Guangzhou; and historically, a huge concentration of businessmen, officials and aristocrats have flocked to this district.

LI Wans other tourist attraction is Sha Mian Island, an islet in the Pearl River. Rented out to Westerners before China became independent in 1949, the heavily shaded island has a cluster of European-style buildings, including the United States' consulate. The White Horse Shopping Plaza and the Mediterranean Marketplace near the railway station form Guangzhous biggest wholesale clothing market, attracting many vendors from North China, who buy in bulk and stock up for their own shops and stalls. The Qing Ping Market is South Chinas biggest market for agricultural products, which include vegetables, flowers, grain, meat, seafood, Chinese medicinal herbs and pets, as well as antiques.

Dong Shan District

Located on the eastern side of Guangzhou, the majority of this district developed after the Peoples Republic of China was founded in 1949. Qu Zhuang and Tao Jin Keng (means 'Gold-digging Cave') are notable business areas in Guangzhou. Most foreigners live here in Guangzhou. The Friendship Store, World Trade Plaza and other popular shopping venues are here, as are almost all of Guangzhous famous bars. The bars usually stock an English magazine called Thats Guangzhou, which is free, and provides all you need to know about the local community and entertainment options in the big city.

Da Sha Tou District

Electrical applicance business occupy Da Sha Tou. Among them is the time-tested old favorite, Hai Yin Electrical Appliances City, which stocks a huge variety of goods. It also encourages customers to test their haggling skills. Besides new merchandise, bargain hunters can also find second-hand electrical appliances at budget prices.

Hai Zhu District

The Pearl River neatly divides Guangzhou, and south of the river is the Hai Zhu (Sea Pearl) District. Initially, Hai Zhu was home to the citys huge infrastructure of factories. Now, however, residential apartment blocks have replaced most of the factories. Partly in response to this newly created residential area, Chinas biggest market for bridal and evening gowns has sprouted along the northern section of the Jiang Nan thoroughfare.

Tian He District

Newly developed in the past 15 years, the Tian He District could easily be called Guangzhous Silicon Valley. The Gang Ding region is definitely making a name for itself as a producer of computer products and businesses, similar to the reputation enjoyed by the Zhong Guan Cun District in Beijing. Pacific Electronic Technology Square (The), New Concept Computer Town and Nan Fang Computer City all have their roots in this district. Together, they create South Chinas biggest computer market. Tian He City Plaza, Hong Cheng Plaza and Guangzhou Books Center are visibly enjoying a growing popularity in trade, as more visitors flock to sample the latest in shopping, food and entertainment. Many local youngsters head here for whats cool and new in computer games. The older generations, on the other hand, prefer quieter times, strolling through the citys parks and viewing the street-side flower displays.

Bai Yun District

Bai Yun Mountain (White Cloud) claims to be the rooftop of Guangzhou. Atop the mountain, enjoy a magnificent view of the citys buildings and skyscrapers. Besides the breathtaking scenery and many historic sites, a restaurant on the mountain top prepares bean curd made with mountain mineral water. This is a definite local treat, one which hikers take advantage of after scaling the mountain.

Text by Cindy Liu, translated by Gao Hai Ping


  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Avg. High 64° 65° 70° 77° 84° 88° 90° 90° 88° 83° 75° 68°
Avg. Low 49° 52° 58° 66° 72° 76° 77° 77° 74° 68° 60° 52°
Mean 56° 58° 64° 71° 78° 81° 83° 83° 81° 75° 67° 59°
Avg. Precip. 1.7 in 2.6 in 3.4 in 7.2 in ** ** 9.0 in 8.7 in 6.8 in 3.1 in 1.7 in 0.9 in

Fahrenheit temperature scale is used.


Mother Earth Travel > China > Guangzhou > History