|Monte Alen National Park Some information about the park and Neifang.|
|Background: Composed of a mainland portion and five inhabited
islands, Equatorial Guinea has been ruled by ruthless leaders who have
badly mismanaged the economy since independence from 190 years of Spanish
rule in 1968. Although nominally a constitutional democracy since 1991,
the 1996 presidential and 1999 legislative elections were widely seen as
Government type: republic
Currency: 1 Communaute Financiere Africaine franc (CFAF) = 100 centimes
Geography of Equatorial Guinea
Location: Western Africa, bordering the Bight of Biafra, between Cameroon and
People of Equatorial Guinea
The majority of the Equatoguinean people are of Bantu origin. The largest tribe, the Fang, is indigenous to the mainland, but substantial migration to Bioko Island has resulted in Fang dominance over the earlier Bantu inhabitants. The Fang constitute 80% of the population and are themselves divided into 67 clans. Those in the northern part of Rio Muni speak Fang-Ntumu, while those in the south speak Fang-Okah; the two dialects are mutually unintelligible. The Bubi, who constitute 15% of the population, are indigenous to Bioko Island. In addition, there are coastal tribes, sometimes referred to as "Playeros": Ndowes, Bujebas, Balengues, and Bengas on the mainland and small islands, and "Fernandinos", a Creole community, on Bioko. Together, these groups comprise 5% of the population. There is a growing number of foreigners from neighboring Cameroon, Nigeria, Gabon, and Nigeria. In 2001, there were about 280 Americans residing in Equatorial Guinea.
Spanish is the official language. The Roman Catholic Church has greatly influenced both religion and education.
Equatoguineans tend to have both a Spanish first name and an African first and last name. When written, the Spanish and African first names are followed by the father's first name (which becomes the principal surname) and the mother's first name. Thus people may have up to four names, with a different surname for each generation.
Population: 535,881 (July 2005 est.)
SOURCES: The World Factbook, U.S. Department of State
Mother Earth Travel > Country Index > Equatorial Guinea > Map Economy History