Faroe Islands Travel Information

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Facts About the Faroe Islands

Background: The population of the Faroe Islands is largely descended from Viking settlers who arrived in the 9th century. The islands have been connected politically to Denmark since the 14th century. A high degree of self-government was attained in 1948.
Dependency status: part of the Kingdom of Denmark; self-governing overseas administrative division of Denmark since 1948.
Capital: Torshavn
Currency: 1 Danish krone (DKr) = 100 oere

Geography of the Faroe Islands

Location: Northern Europe, island group between the Norwegian Sea and the north Atlantic Ocean, about one-half of the way from Iceland to Norway
Geographic coordinates: 62 00 N, 7 00 W
Area:
total: 1,399 sq km
land: 1,399 sq km
water: 0 sq km (some lakes and streams)
Land boundaries: 0 km
Coastline: 1,117 km
Maritime claims:
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
territorial sea: 3 nm
Climate: mild winters, cool summers; usually overcast; foggy, windy
Terrain: rugged, rocky, some low peaks; cliffs along most of coast
Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Slaettaratindur 882 m
Natural resources: fish, whales, hydropower
Land use:
arable land: 6%
permanent crops: 0%
permanent pastures: 0%
forests and woodland: 0%
other: 94% (1996)
Irrigated land: 0 sq km
Geography - note: archipelago of 17 inhabited islands and one uninhabited island, and a few uninhabited islets; strategically located along important sea lanes in northeastern Atlantic; precipitous terrain limits habitation to small coastal lowlands.

People of the Faroe Islands

Population: 46,962 (July 2005 est.)
Age structure:
0-14 years:  22.62% 
15-64 years:  63.64% 
65 years and over:  13.74%
Population growth rate: 0.78% 
Birth rate: 13.64 births/1,000 population 
Death rate: 8.69 deaths/1,000 population 
Net migration rate: 2.89 migrant(s)/1,000 population 
Infant mortality rate: 6.8 deaths/1,000 live births 
Life expectancy at birth:
total population:  78.59 years
male:  75.12 years
female:  82.06 years
Total fertility rate: 2.3 children born/woman 
Nationality:
noun: Faroese (singular and plural)
adjective: Faroese
Ethnic groups: Scandinavian
Religions: Evangelical Lutheran
Languages: Faroese (derived from Old Norse), Danish

SOURCE: The World Factbook

Mother Earth Travel > Country Index > Faroe Islands > Map Economy