Grenada Travel Information

Mother Earth Travel > Country Index > Grenada > Map Economy History

National Parks and Protected Areas

Facts About Grenada

Background: One of the smallest independent countries in the western hemisphere, Grenada was seized by a Marxist military council on 19 October 1983. Six days later the island was invaded by US forces and those of six other Caribbean nations, which quickly captured the ringleaders and their hundreds of Cuban advisers. Free elections were reinstituted the following year.
Government type: constitutional monarchy with Westminster-style parliament
Capital: Saint George's
Currency: 1 East Caribbean dollar (EC$) = 100 cents

Geography of Grenada

Location: Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and Atlantic Ocean, north of Trinidad and Tobago
Geographic coordinates: 12 07 N, 61 40 W
total: 340 sq km
land: 340 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Land boundaries: 0 km
Coastline: 121 km
Maritime claims:
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
territorial sea: 12 nm
Climate: tropical; tempered by northeast trade winds
Terrain: volcanic in origin with central mountains
Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Mount Saint Catherine 840 m
Natural resources: timber, tropical fruit, deepwater harbors
Land use:
arable land: 15%
permanent crops: 18%
permanent pastures: 3%
forests and woodland: 9%
other: 55% (1993 est.)
Natural hazards: lies on edge of hurricane belt; hurricane season lasts from June to November
Environment - international agreements:
party to:  Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - note: the administration of the islands of the Grenadines group is divided between Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and Grenada

People of Grenada

Most of Grenada's population is of African descent; there is some trace of the early Arawak and Carib Indians. A few East Indians and a small community of the descendants of early European settlers reside in Grenada. About 50% of Grenada's population is under the age of 30. English is the official language; only a few people still speak French patois. A more significant reminder of Grenada's historical link with France is the strength of the Roman Catholic Church to which about 60% of Grenadians belong. The Anglican Church is the largest Protestant denomination.

Population: 89,502 (July 2005 est.)
Age structure:
0-14 years:  37.05% 
15-64 years:  59.03%
65 years and over:  3.92%
Population growth rate: -0.06% 
Birth rate: 23.12 births/1,000 population 
Death rate: 7.82 deaths/1,000 population 
Net migration rate: -15.86 migrant(s)/1,000 population 
Infant mortality rate: 14.63 deaths/1,000 live births 
Life expectancy at birth:
total population:  64.52 years
male:  62.74 years
female:  66.31 years 
Total fertility rate: 2.54 children born/woman 
noun: Grenadian(s)
adjective: Grenadian
Ethnic groups: black 82% some South Asians (East Indians) and Europeans, trace Arawak/Carib Amerindian
Religions: Roman Catholic 60%, Anglican, other Protestant
Languages: English (official), French patois
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 98%
male: 98%
female: 98% (1970 est.)

SOURCES: The World Factbook, U.S. Department of State

Mother Earth Travel > Country Index > Grenada > Map Economy History