Hong Kong Travel Information

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Hong Kong Nature Net
WWF Hong Kong The World Wide Fund For Nature in Hong Kong.

Facts About Hong Kong

Background: Occupied by the UK in 1841, Hong Kong was formally ceded by China the following year; various adjacent lands were added later in the 19th century. Pursuant to an agreement signed by China and the UK on 19 December 1984, Hong Kong became the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR) of China on 1 July 1997. In this agreement, China has promised that, under its "one country, two systems" formula, China's socialist economic system will not be practiced in Hong Kong and that Hong Kong will enjoy a high degree of autonomy in all matters except foreign and defense affairs for the next 50 years.
Dependency status: special administrative region of China
Currency: 1 Hong Kong dollar (HK$) = 100 cents

Geography of Hong Kong

Location: Eastern Asia, bordering the South China Sea and China
Geographic coordinates: 22 15 N, 114 10 E
total: 1,092 sq km
land: 1,042 sq km
water: 50 sq km
Land boundaries:
total: 30 km
border countries: China 30 km
Coastline: 733 km
Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 3 nm
Climate: tropical monsoon; cool and humid in winter, hot and rainy from spring through summer, warm and sunny in fall
Terrain: hilly to mountainous with steep slopes; lowlands in north
Elevation extremes:
lowest point: South China Sea 0 m
highest point: Tai Mo Shan 958 m
Natural resources: outstanding deepwater harbor, feldspar
Land use:
arable land: 6%
permanent crops: 1%
permanent pastures: 1%
forests and woodland: 20%
other: 72% (1997 est.)
Irrigated land: 20 sq km (1997 est.)
Natural hazards: occasional typhoons
Environment - current issues: air and water pollution from rapid urbanization
Environment - international agreements: party to:  Marine Dumping (associate member), Ship Pollution (associate member)
Geography - note: more than 200 islands

People of Hong Kong

Hong Kong's population has increased steadily over the past decade, reaching about 6.8 million by 1999. Hong Kong is one of the most densely populated areas in the world, with an overall density of some 6,300 people per square kilometer.

Cantonese, the official Chinese dialect, is spoken by most of the population. English, also an official language, is widely understood; it is spoken by more than one-third of the population. Every major religion is practiced in Hong Kong; ancestor worship is predominant due to the strong Confucian influence.

All children are required by law to be in full-time education between the ages of 6 and 15. Preschool education for most children begins at age 3. Primary school begins normally at the age of 6 and lasts for 6 years. At about age 12, children progress to a 3-year course of junior secondary education. Most stay on for a 2-year senior secondary course, while others join full-time vocational training. More than 90% of children complete upper secondary education or equivalent vocational education.

Population: 6,898,686 (July 2005 est.)
Age structure:
0-14 years:  17.73%
15-64 years:  71.52% 
65 years and over:  10.75%
Population growth rate: .65% 
Birth rate: 11.13 births/1,000 population 
Death rate: 6.02 deaths/1,000 population 
Net migration rate: 7.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population 
Infant mortality rate: 5.83 deaths/1,000 live births 
Life expectancy at birth:
total population:  79.67 years
male:  76.97 years
female:  82.55 years
Total fertility rate: 1.29 children born/woman 
noun: Chinese
adjective: Chinese
Ethnic groups: Chinese 95%, other 5%
Religions: eclectic mixture of local religions 90%, Christian 10%
Languages: Chinese (Cantonese), English; both are official
definition: age 15 and over has ever attended school
total population: 92.2%
male: 96%
female: 88.2% (1996 est.)

SOURCES: The World Factbook, U.S. Department of State

Mother Earth Travel > Country Index > Hong Kong > Map Economy History