Hungary Travel Information

Mother Earth Travel > Country Index > Hungary > Map Economy History

Budapest
Danube-Drava National Park
Hortobágy National Park  A World Heritage site.

Facts About Hungary

Background: Hungary was part of the polyglot Austro-Hungarian Empire, which collapsed during World War I. The country fell under communist rule following World War II. In 1956, a revolt and announced withdrawal from the Warsaw Pact were met with a massive military intervention by Moscow. In the more open GORBACHEV years, Hungary led the movement to dissolve the Warsaw Pact and steadily shifted toward multiparty democracy and a market-oriented economy. Following the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Hungary developed close political and economic ties to Western Europe. It joined NATO in 1999 and is a frontrunner in a future expansion of the EU.
Government type: parliamentary democracy
Capital: Budapest
Currency: 1 forint (Ft) = 100 filler

Geography of Hungary

Location: Central Europe, northwest of Romania
Geographic coordinates: 47 00 N, 20 00 E
Area:
total: 93,030 sq km
land: 92,340 sq km
water: 690 sq km
Land boundaries:
total: 2,009 km
border countries: Austria 366 km, Croatia 329 km, Romania 443 km, Serbia and Montenegro 151 km (all with Serbia), Slovakia 515 km, Slovenia 102 km, Ukraine 103 km
Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)
Climate: temperate; cold, cloudy, humid winters; warm summers
Terrain: mostly flat to rolling plains; hills and low mountains on the Slovakian border
Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Tisza River 78 m
highest point: Kekes 1,014 m
Natural resources: bauxite, coal, natural gas, fertile soils, arable land
Land use:
arable land: 51%
permanent crops: 3.6%
permanent pastures: 12.4%
forests and woodland: 19%
other: 14% (1999)
Irrigated land: 2,060 sq km (1993 est.)
Environment - current issues: the approximation of Hungary's standards in waste management, energy efficiency, and air, soil, and water pollution with environmental requirements for EU accession will require large investments.
Environment - international agreements:
party to:  Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulphur 85, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified:  Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Law of the Sea.
Geography - note: landlocked; strategic location astride main land routes between Western Europe and Balkan Peninsula as well as between Ukraine and Mediterranean basin.

More Geography

People of Hungary

Population: 10,006,835 (July 2005 est.)
Age structure:
0-14 years:  16.63%
15-64 years:  68.66%
65 years and over:  14.71%
Population growth rate: -0.26% 
Birth rate: 9.32 births/1,000 population 
Death rate: 13.21 deaths/1,000 population 
Net migration rate: 0.74 migrant(s)/1,000 population 
Infant mortality rate: 8.96 deaths/1,000 live births 
Life expectancy at birth:
total population:  71.63 years
male:  67.28 years
female:  76.3 years
Total fertility rate: 1.25 children born/woman 
Nationality:
noun: Hungarian(s)
adjective: Hungarian
Ethnic groups: Hungarian 89.9%, Roma 4%, German 2.6%, Serb 2%, Slovak 0.8%, Romanian 0.7%
Religions: Roman Catholic 67.5%, Calvinist 20%, Lutheran 5%, atheist and other 7.5%
Languages: Hungarian 98.2%, other 1.8%
Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99%
male: 99%
female: 98% (1980 est.)

More about the Population

SOURCE: The World Factbook

Mother Earth Travel > Country Index > Hungary > Map Economy History