|Bari and its ports face the Adriatic, on the
edges of the plateau of the Terra di Bari. It divides into two main parts
marked out by Corso Vittorio Emanuele: the old city, a network of medieval
streets and monuments, and the quarters which developed after 1820,
characterized by straight streets and perfectly square islands.
The ancient district is worth visiting; visitors will lose themselves in the beauty of the impressive Romanesque-Pugliese structures. The district is also the home of many churches, which are now longer for worship, but which can still be visited, churches such as S. Giacomo. Bari has changed a lot since the beginning of the 19th century due to urban development and at the end of the century there were a great deal of new buildings including the railway station (built in 1875). The Lungomare (promenade) is splendid, a popular place for walks and traditional festivals. The Fiera del Levante, one of the largest trade fairs in Italy, which takes in place in September also stands close to the sea. The ancient seafaring center is also here; it has a privileged home as it serves as a 'bridge' between the East Mediterranean countries it became the main commercial center for the Adriatic and Ionic. Corso Vittorio Emanuele winds alongside the promenade, which is lit with traditional street lamps. This long road separates the ancient district from the center. Perpendicular to the Corso is Via Sparano, famous for its luxurious shops. The visit cannot avoid visiting this pedestrianised street and stopping in at the shops that offer the best deals, compared with other prices in big cities. The medieval Muraglia (wall) stands on the promenade, and at one point,the sea once reached right underneath the wall. This ancient mysterious structure looks towards the old port and the new port. The ports are not only used on a commercial scale but they represent one of Italy's principal petrol ports. Bari enjoys considerable industrial development. The industry was born of necessity to preserve both agricultural produce (eg. cherries, tomatoes, artichokes, grapes and table-wine) and the fish industry (including sea food-the city's pride and joy and the basis of many local dishes). Bari is home to many factories and there are now many other industries that keep the city healthy, financially, the growth of the industries was one of the primary factors behing the building of the airport (Palese) was built. The airport is situated behind the aforementioned area.
Another main road that divides the city is Via Capruzzi, it winds through the most modern part of the city where most of the major businesses have offices. This is also the area of many other large shops, local markets and proceeding along Via Giulio Petroni, crossing Viale Giovanni XXIII, stands the Carcere di Massima Sicurezza (maximum-security prison).
The newest zone, on the outskirts of the city, is the Mungivacca district; this is mainly residential, sprinkled with supermarkets and villas, as well as large glass palazzi. This is where the archive of Stato of Bari stands and is also home to the headquarters of the Treasury and the Ministeries of Culture and Environment. The city is well served by buses that reach the whole city, reaching the various districts and shortening the distances between them and the city. Piazza Aldo Moro, close to central station is the terminus for most of the buses. The city also has an efficient rail service linking the North with Southern Italy; there is also an excellent motorway system, it is thanks to routes Napoli ' Bari and Bologna ' Bari that tourism has flourished and continues to do so.