Mayotte Travel Information

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Facts About Mayotte

Background: Mayotte was ceded to France along with the other Comoros in 1843. It was the only island in the archipelago that voted in 1974 to retain its link with France and forgo independence.
Dependency status: territorial collectivity of France
Capital: Mamoutzou
Currency: 1 French franc (F) = 100 centimes

Geography of Mayotte

Location: Southern Africa, island in the Mozambique Channel, about one-half of the way from northern Madagascar to northern Mozambique
Geographic coordinates: 12 50 S, 45 10 E
total: 374 sq km
land: 374 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Land boundaries: 0 km
Coastline: 185.2 km
Maritime claims:
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
territorial sea: 12 nm
Climate: tropical; marine; hot, humid, rainy season during northeastern monsoon (November to May); dry season is cooler (May to November)
Terrain: generally undulating, with deep ravines and ancient volcanic peaks
Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: Benara 660 m
Natural resources: NEGL
Natural hazards: cyclones during rainy season
Geography - note: part of Comoro Archipelago; 18 islands

People of Mayotte

Population: 193,633 (July 2005 est.)
Age structure:
0-14 years:  46.59%
15-64 years:  51.73%
65 years and over:  1.68%
Population growth rate: 4.58% 
Birth rate: 44.39 births/1,000 population 
Death rate: 8.84 deaths/1,000 population 
Net migration rate: 10.28 migrant(s)/1,000 population 
Infant mortality rate: 69.54 deaths/1,000 live births 
Life expectancy at birth:
total population:  59.83 years
male:  57.77 years
female:  61.96 years
Total fertility rate: 6.24 children born/woman 
noun: Mahorais (singular and plural)
adjective: Mahoran
Religions: Muslim 97%, Christian (mostly Roman Catholic)
Languages: Mahorian (a Swahili dialect), French (official language) spoken by 35% of the population

SOURCE: The World Factbook

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