San Marino Travel Information

Mother Earth Travel > Country Index > San Marino > Map Economy History

Facts About San Marino

Background: The third smallest state in Europe (after the Holy See and Monaco) also claims to be the world's oldest republic. According to tradition, it was founded by a Christian stonemason named Marinus in 301 A.D. San Marino's foreign policy is aligned with that of Italy. Social and political trends in the republic also track closely with those of its larger neighbor.
Government type: republic
Capital: San Marino
Currency: euro (EUR)

Geography of San Marino

Location: Southern Europe, an enclave in central Italy
Geographic coordinates: 43 46 N, 12 25 E
total: 60.5 sq km
land: 60.5 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Land boundaries:
total: 39 km
border countries: Italy 39 km
Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)
Climate: Mediterranean; mild to cool winters; warm, sunny summers
Terrain: rugged mountains
Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Torrente Ausa 55 m
highest point: Monte Titano 749 m
Natural resources: building stone
Land use:
arable land: 17%
permanent crops: 0%
permanent pastures: 0%
forests and woodland: 0%
other: 83% (1993 est.)
Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Nuclear Test Ban
signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution
Geography - note: landlocked; smallest independent state in Europe after the Holy See and Monaco; dominated by the Apennines

People of San Marino

San Marino is comprised of native Sammarinese and Italian citizens. Crop farming, sheep farming and the working of stone from the quarries formed the early backbone of San Marino's economy. 

Population: 28,880 (July 2005 est.)
Age structure:
0-14 years:  15.88% 
15-64 years:  67.94% 
65 years and over:  16.18% 
Population growth rate: 1.45% 
Birth rate: 10.76 births/1,000 population 
Death rate: 7.68 deaths/1,000 population 
Net migration rate: 11.45 migrant(s)/1,000 population 
Infant mortality rate: 6.21 deaths/1,000 live births 
Life expectancy at birth:
total population:  81.23 years
male:  77.68 years
female:  85.1 years 
Total fertility rate: 1.3 children born/woman 
noun: Sammarinese (singular and plural)
adjective: Sammarinese
Ethnic groups: Sammarinese, Italian
Religions: Roman Catholic
Languages: Italian
definition: age 10 and over can read and write
total population: 96%
male: 97%
female: 95% (1976 est.)

SOURCES: The World Factbook, U.S. Department of State

Mother Earth Travel > Country Index > San Marino > Map Economy History