Parks Board Information about Singapore's parks, nature and outdoor
Nature Society of Singapore News about nature and conservation in Singapore and the surrounding regions.
|Background: Founded as a British trading colony in 1819,
Singapore joined Malaysia in 1963, but withdrew two years later and became
independent. It subsequently became one of the world's most prosperous
countries, with strong international trading links (its port is one of the
world's busiest) and with per capita GDP above that of the leading nations
of Western Europe.
Government type: parliamentary republic
Currency: 1 Singapore dollar (SGD) = 100 cents
Geography of Singapore
Location: Southeastern Asia, islands between Malaysia and Indonesia
People of Singapore
Singapore is one of the most densely populated countries in the world. The annual growth rate for 2000 was 2.8% (including resident foreigners). Singapore has a varied linguistic, cultural, and religious heritage. Malay is the national language, but Chinese, English, and Tamil also are official languages. English is the language of administration and also is widely used in the professions, businesses, and schools.
The government has mandated that English be the primary language used at all levels of the school systems, and it aims to provide at least 10 years of education for every child. In 2000, primary and secondary school students totaled about 482,00, or 12% of the entire population. In 2000, enrollment at the universities was approximately 50,000 (full-time, part-time and postgraduate) and about 58,374 at the polytechnics. The Institute of Technical Education for basic technical and commerce skills has almost 16,000 students. The country's literacy rate is 93%.
Singapore generally allows religious freedom, although religious groups are subject to government scrutiny, and some religious sects are restricted or banned. Almost all Malays are Muslim; other Singaporeans are Hindus, Sikhs, Taoists, Buddhists, Confucianists, or Christians.
Population: 4,425,720 (July 2005 est.)
SOURCES: The World Factbook, U.S. Department of State
Mother Earth Travel > Country Index > Singapore > Map Economy History