|Much like other Sunbelt cities, notably
Phoenix, Tucson has experienced tremendous growth over the past twenty
years, expanding from a mid-size Western town into a metropolitan area of
more than 800,000 people, and counting. Most of the new development
consists of rather non-descript tract homes and shopping plazas, hailed as
signs of continuing economic boom times by some, cursed as environmental
destruction by others, and the controversy rages. However you might
perceive it, you will most likely first experience Tucson as an urban
conglomerate of endless streets laid out in a neat grid system, with a lot
of desert mixed in. In fact there are city blocks that still contain
nothing but desert shrubs. While those desert lots might not appear
particularly pretty to you, keep in mind that the great Sonoran Desert
surrounding the city is one of its main attractions, something you will
learn to appreciate when watching a desert sunset at Gates Pass. And while
urban renewal 60s-style has taken its toll on the beauty of the Old
Pueblo, as the city is sometimes affectionately called by its inhabitants,
there are still architectural and historical treasures to be found here,
if you only know where to look.
Downtown Tucson and the Historic District
Of all the neighborhoods in Tucson, downtown offers the most variety. Here, you will find century-old adobe homes, Victorian mansions, imposing government buildings, museums and affordable restaurants within easy walking distance of each other. The area is bounded by the Santa Cruz River on the west, Park Avenue on the east, on the north by St. Mary's Road, and 22nd Street on the south. It's a favorite destination for artists and art lovers, featuring numerous galleries and studios in and around the Old Town Artisans art marketplace, just a block north from the Tucson Museum of Art. Appropriately, Tucson's center is also where the city and county government resides, most prominently at the Tucson City Hall, the Main Library, and the Pima County Courthouse, sights that are all clustered around the Spanish core of the Old Pueblo at Presidio Park. A taste of more recent history awaits visitors at the old west style Congress Hotel, where mobster John Dillinger met his match in 1934. Downtown is also the site of the city's major performing arts events, with the Tucson Convention Center and the Temple of Music and Art providing the main venues for opera, symphony, and dance perfomances. True, the city still has a long way to go until complete revival of its once-decrepit downtown district, but progress is visible. There are even blueprints for an aquarium o be built in the near future.
Renewal has been quite successful in the Barrio Historico, the now-gentrified Hispanic historic quarter south of the Convention Center, where old Spanish-style homes have been largely restored to their original beauty. Take your time to explore this area on foot after leaving your car in one of the parking garages downtown; try the one across from the Main Library on Pennington Street.
South Tucson and the South Side
Bordering downtown Tucson on the south, there is a small municipality called South Tucson, now mostly inhabited by the Hispanic section of the population. For out-of-town visitors, its main attraction are the Mexican restaurants, which, although low profile and inexpensive, offer the best of South-of-the-border food in town. Places like Michas, Mi Nidito, and Su Casa might not offer the ultimate experience in service and decor, but when it comes to food quality, there are few others to match them.
Moving further to the south, the Hispanic influence deepens, intermingling with the Native American people living in and around the Tohono O'odham Reservation in Tucson's far southwest. Many visitors get at least a glimpse of this area going to and from Tucson International Airport, the Desert Diamond Casino on the reservation, or on the road to visit Mission San Xavier del Bac, a national landmark and by far the most attractive site on this side of town.
North-Central, and the Foothills
In Tucson, "north" generally means "north of Broadway," with Broadway Boulevard as the dividing line between north-south street numbers. Bounded on the north by the natural barriers of the Santa Catalina Mountains and Coronado National Forest, this area includes the University of Arizona campus with its many venues for science and art as well as the city's main business and shopping areas; the Tucson Mall and the Foothills Mall are considered by many to be the biggest and best of their kind. Since most of Tucson's social life takes place inside air-conditioned malls, at least during hot summer days, these are really the places to meet the locals. Further to the north, the land and the income level slowly rises all the way up to the tony Foothills residential district, which features beautiful homes with a view, surrounded by stately saguaro cacti and mesquite trees, outside the city limits, and well out of reach for Tucson's tax authorities. Here, well heeled residents stroll upscale shopping malls and adobe-style galleries looking for quality, while wintertime visitors relax after a game of golf at one of the posh resorts in the area, such as the Westin La Paloma, Westward Look or Loews Ventana Canyon Resort.
The West Side
Basically, "west" means that big chunk of Tucson which stretches from Oracle Road, the main north-south artery, and I-19 westward to the base of the Tucson Mountains and the Tohono O'odham Indian Reservation. Bordered on the northwest by the ever-expanding residential and recreational retreat of Oro Valley (more golf courses here), this part of the city offers few visual attractions other than Tohono Chul Park, a very civilized, pleasant desert garden with an artsy touch. From there, it's a long drive west on Ina Road past sprawling urban development to Marana, a township which has successfully asserted its independence from Tucson. Since a 1997 law made it easier for municipalities to become independent, incorporation fever has hit Tucson's edges. Some suburban residents want to avoid city taxes, while others strive to save the rural nature of their homes from encroachment by the city, or both; in any case, the battle over incorporation or annexation is particularly intense in the northwest.
But remember that Tucson's main attraction is its scenic beauty. Once you're past I-10, the road starts snaking into the grandeur of Sahuaro National Park West, covered by entire forests of the giant cacti that gave the park its name, and the site of several ancient Indian petroglyphs. Don't miss the Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum on the far side of the Tucson Mountains, and consider stopping at Old Tucson Studios for the sake of the kids.
The East Side
Bounded roughly on the west by Wilmot Road, the Rincon and Catalina Mountains on the east and north, and Interstate 10 on the south, expansion of this district is largely limited by state and federal lands. The most attractive natural feature in the northeast is certainly Sabino Canyon, the most accessible part of the Catalinas, teeming with tourists, trams, hikers, and joggers on weekends, but still retaining its serene beauty to this day. Nature lovers will also appreciate the vast expanses of Sahuaro National Park East, taking in the desert and mountain scenery while, hopefully, taking care not to disturb the rovings of the inhabitant scorpions and rattlesnakes. More civilized, man-made recreation is available Morris K. Udall Regional Park on the corner of Sabino Canyon and Tanque Verde Roads, with indoor and outdoor facilities for baseball, soccer, jogging, swimming and walking the dog. If that sounds like too much of an effort in the sizzling Tucson summer heat, flee to the desert oasis of Agua Caliente Park in the far northeast, and relax in the shade of palm trees next to pretty ponds.
Although building in the east has been mostly residential, there is no dearth of shopping and dining facilities here. In this category, Park Place stands out, a recently expanded mall on the corner of Broadway and Wilmot, now more upscale than ever, featuring all the big names in the retail business, and catering to East Side residents who, like their foothills counterparts, are also mostly Anglos, but, on the average, more middle class.
|Avg. Precip.||0.9 in||0.7 in||0.7 in||0.3 in||0.2 in||0.2 in||2.4 in||2.2 in||1.7 in||1.1 in||0.7 in||1.1 in|