Chengdu Travel Information

Mother Earth Travel > China > Chengdu > History

Chengdu is the provincial capital of southwest China's Sichuan province, the largest of all provinces in China with a population of more than 100 million and a territory the size of Brazil. Located in the central part of Sichuan province, to the west of the Sichuan Basin, Chengdu city extends 192 km east-west and 166 km south-north, occupying an total area of 12,390 square kilometers. It has distinctly marked four seasons with a yearly average temperature of around 16.4 degree centigrade.

Historically the jurisdiction of Chengdu has undergone repeated re-adjustments and expansions, and today Chengdu has under its jurisdiction seven districts, namely Jinjiang, Qingyang, Chenghua, Jinniu, Wuhou, Qingbaijiang, Longquanyi; four sub-cities (Dujiangyan, Pengzhou, Qonglai an Chongzhou) and eight counties. In 1983, the local legislative body designated the ginkgo as the municipal tree and the hibiscus as the municipal flower.

The Tianfu Square

As the center of the city, Tianfu Square covers an area of 88,368 square meters. Amidst the hubbub of the city and amongst a forest of high-rise buildings, the square with its lush lawns and beautiful flowers constitutes a unique scene. To the west of the square lies the landmark Huangcheng (Imperial City Wall) Mosque which has existed for hundreds of years until the construction of the square got under way, and it was thoroughly renovated in 1999. Standing to the north of the square is an art gallery, as well as the provincial exhibition hall where exhibitions of new industrial products alternate seasonally. The Jincheng Art Palace, once the largest of its kind in southwest China, is located to the east of the square and nearby is the well-known shopping center - the People's Department Store. Extending northward from Yanshikou (Salt Market Exit), across Shudu Avenue, and through to the Yudai (Jade Belt) Flyover is a huge underground shopping mall. Lying to its south exit is a wholesale market selling household items, which extends to Renmin Nulu (South People's Road). Close by, to the south of Tianfu Square, is the Chengdu Department Store.

As a hub of public transit, the Tianfu Square provides convenient access to some of the city's prominent tourist attractions such as Wenhua Gongyuan (Culture Park), Wenhuyuan Monastery, Wuhouci Temple, Baihuatan Lake and Qingniangong (Youth Palace).

Jinjiang District

Situated to the east of the city proper, the Jinjiang District is a busy commercial district with a population of 420 thousand. Clustered in this district are the provincial government offices, as well as major trade, financial and insurance enterprises. Starting from Yanshikou and extending eastward along East Avenue and Shudo Street, through to the time-honored golden business area - Chunxi Road and Commercial Market - is an immense business area. The city's prime department stores like the First and Second Department Stores, the Pacific Ocean and the Friendship Department Stores are all located within this district.

In the district, one can also see an array of establishments like restaurants, teahouses and entertainment rooms. Indeed, the district is a showcase of the lively and prosperous side of Chengdu city.

Qingyang District

This district is a belt-shaped area, 16 km east-west and 8 km south-north, covering an area of 67.78 square km, of which 13 square km is urban area. The district is home to many of the city's major tourist attractions and historical sites like Dufu Caotang (Straw Pavilion), Wenshuyuan Monastery, Huanhuaxi Rivulet and Culture Park. The Lamb Palace (from which the district got its name, Qingyanggong) is the most important Taoist Temple in West Sichuan, and it is known for its magnificient architecture. The district also sees a fledging industrial base centering around electronics, equipment and instruments, packaging, printing, auto parts, metal furniture and medicine.

Jinniu District

This district was first formed in 1960 with a total population of 580 thousand, including a rural population of 440 thousand. Lying in the northwest part of Chengdu city, the district covers an area of 108 square km. Based on the North Railway Station located within the district and Shangmao Dada (Business and Trade Avenue), the area is a major a commercial and trade center. The district contains 50-plus shopping centers and markets of various types, including the Hehuachi (Lotus) Market, the North Railway Station Market, Electronic Parts Market, Street of Capital Goods, Metal Materials Trading Market and Herbal Medicinal Market. Many large shopping buildings like Beiyuan Department Store, Southwest Shopping Tower, Cultural Shopping Mall, China World Tower and Blue Light Building have just been completed or are under construction.

The district also boasts a strong scientific research force, such as the prestigious Southwest Communication University and 29 other colleges and research institutes, providing a solid base for the district's rapid economic development.


  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Avg. High 49° 52° 61° 70° 78° 82° 85° 85° 77° 69° 60° 51°
Avg. Low 36° 39° 46° 54° 63° 68° 71° 70° 65° 58° 48° 39°
Mean 42° 45° 53° 62° 70° 74° 77° 77° 70° 62° 53° 45°
Avg. Precip. 0.3 in 0.4 in 0.8 in 1.8 in 3.4 in 4.1 in 9.1 in 8.8 in 5.2 in 1.6 in 0.7 in 0.2 in

Fahrenheit temperature scale is used.


Mother Earth Travel > China > Chengdu > History