Economy of Tajikistan

Mother Earth Travel > Country Index > Tajikistan > Map Economy History

Economy - overview: Tajikistan has the lowest per capita GDP among the 15 former Soviet republics. Cotton is the most important crop. Mineral resources, varied but limited in amount, include silver, gold, uranium, and tungsten. Industry consists only of a large aluminum plant, hydropower facilities, and small obsolete factories mostly in light industry and food processing. The Tajikistani economy has been gravely weakened by six years of civil conflict and by the loss of subsidies from Moscow and of markets for its products. Most of its people live in abject poverty. Tajikistan depends on aid from Russia and Uzbekistan and on international humanitarian assistance for much of its basic subsistence needs. The future of Tajikistan's economy and the potential for attracting foreign investment depend upon stability and continued progress in the peace process.

GDP: purchasing power parity - $7.3 billion (2000 est.)
GDP - real growth rate: 2% (1999 est.), 5.1% (2000 est.)
GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $1,140 (2000 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
agriculture: 34%
industry: 24%
services: 42% (1997)
Inflation rate (consumer prices): 22% (1999 est.)
Labor force: 1.9 million (1996)
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture and forestry 50%, industry 20%, services 30% (1997 est.)
Unemployment rate: 5.7% includes only officially registered unemployed; also large numbers of underemployed workers and unregistered unemployed people (December 1998)
Industries: aluminum, zinc, lead, chemicals and fertilizers, cement, vegetable oil, metal-cutting machine tools, refrigerators and freezers
Industrial production growth rate: 5% (1999 est.)
Electricity - production: 13.27 billion kWh (1998)
Electricity - production by source:
fossil fuel: 1.51%
hydro: 98.49%
nuclear: 0%
other: 0% (1998)
Electricity - consumption: 12.561 billion kWh (1998)
Electricity - exports: 3.33 billion kWh (1998)
Electricity - imports: 3.55 billion kWh (1998)
Agriculture - products: cotton, grain, fruits, grapes, vegetables; cattle, sheep, goats
Exports: $634 million (1999 est.)
Exports - commodities: aluminum, electricity, cotton, fruits, vegetable oil, textiles
Exports - partners: Uzbekistan 37%, Liechtenstein 26%, Russia 16%, Kazakhstan 6% (1997)
Imports: $770 million (1999 est.)
Imports - commodities: electricity, petroleum products, aluminum oxide, machinery and equipment, foodstuffs
Imports - partners: Netherlands 32%, Uzbekistan 29%, Switzerland 20%, Russia 9% (1997)
Debt - external: $1.3 billion (1999 est.)
Economic aid - recipient: $64.7 million (1995)
Currency: somoni (SM)

SOURCE: The World Factbook

Mother Earth Travel > Country Index > Tajikistan > Map Economy History