Home » Mayotte


Background: Mayotte was ceded to France along with the other Comoros in 1843. It was the only island in the archipelago that voted in 1974 to retain its link with France and forgo independence.
Dependency status: territorial collectivity of France
Capital: Mamoutzou
Currency: 1 French franc (F) = 100 centimes

Geography of Mayotte

Location: Southern Africa, island in the Mozambique Channel, about one-half of the way from northern Madagascar to northern Mozambique
Geographic coordinates: 12 50 S, 45 10 E
total: 374 sq km
land: 374 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Land boundaries: 0 km
Coastline: 185.2 km
Maritime claims:
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
territorial sea: 12 nm
Climate: tropical; marine; hot, humid, rainy season during northeastern monsoon (November to May); dry season is cooler (May to November)
Terrain: generally undulating, with deep ravines and ancient volcanic peaks
Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: Benara 660 m
Natural resources: NEGL
Natural hazards: cyclones during rainy season
Geography – note: part of Comoro Archipelago; 18 islands

People of Mayotte

Population: 193,633 (July 2005 est.)
Age structure:
0-14 years:  46.59%
15-64 years:  51.73%
65 years and over:  1.68%
Population growth rate: 4.58% 
Birth rate: 44.39 births/1,000 population 
Death rate: 8.84 deaths/1,000 population 
Net migration rate: 10.28 migrant(s)/1,000 population 
Infant mortality rate: 69.54 deaths/1,000 live births 
Life expectancy at birth:
total population:  59.83 years
male:  57.77 years
female:  61.96 years
Total fertility rate: 6.24 children born/woman 
noun: Mahorais (singular and plural)
adjective: Mahoran
Religions: Muslim 97%, Christian (mostly Roman Catholic)
Languages: Mahorian (a Swahili dialect), French (official language) spoken by 35% of the population

Mayotte Economy

Economy – overview: Economic activity is based primarily on the agricultural sector, including fishing and livestock raising. Mayotte is not self-sufficient and must import a large portion of its food requirements, mainly from France. The economy and future development of the island are heavily dependent on French financial assistance, an important supplement to GDP. Mayotte’s remote location is an obstacle to the development of tourism.

GDP: purchasing power parity – $85 million (1998 est.)
GDP – per capita: purchasing power parity – $600 (1998 est.)
Unemployment rate: 45% (1997)
expenditures: $73 million (1991 est.)
Industries: newly created lobster and shrimp industry, construction
Agriculture – products: vanilla, ylang-ylang (perfume essence), coffee, copra
Exports: $3.44 million (f.o.b., 1997)
Exports – commodities: ylang-ylang (perfume essence), vanilla, copra, coconuts, coffee, cinnamon
Exports – partners: France 80%, Comoros 15%, Reunion
Imports: $141.3 million (f.o.b., 1997)
Imports – commodities: food, machinery and equipment, transportation equipment, metals, chemicals
Imports – partners: France 66%, Africa 14%, Southeast Asia 11% (1997)
Economic aid – recipient: $107.7 million (1995); note – extensive French financial assistance

Currency: euro (EUR)

Map of Mayotte